The Chronology of the Journey Continues From the Finding Gina Page
August 12, 2020- Morning
“We spent the morning inside the Epperly house where the instrument had guided us months earlier. We were following the familial sample of Angela Rader - a 14 year old missing teen from Roanoke in 1977 - that led us to the inside of the former Epperly homeplace. Now, months later, We narrowed in on several places registering on the property including an African American Bone hit near the wall of the shed. As for Angela, the exact location was determined to be in the upper bedroom closet - once the bedroom of Stephen M. Epperly who abducted and murdered my sister. This was not an easy process to narrow in on that exact place. I worked along side the Dr. eliminating the areas above and below until we narrowed in on the signal from that exact place.
The ﬂoor of Epperly’s bedroom closet was removed by the owner and we found the human bone fragments under the hardwood ﬂoor, between the ﬂoor joists in the subﬂoor —the bones that were registering as Caucasian and African American human bone And, Angela. Of most interest, we could see hundreds of ﬂy carcasses in this small area. Or we could say access was from the ceiling from the room below because an, odd small rectangular hole was visible having been cut out of the corner of that subﬂoor. All bone and ﬂy carcasses needed to be conﬁrmed further and by other independent expert sources. I needed something to send to the authorities of what was retrieved. I had asked authorities for help months earlier when this was all discovered, but there was “no cause” to prompt action. I needed “proof”. My personal objective was to have something to give to the state of Virginia Parole Board indicative of Epperly’s true nature.
“So we recovered tiny fragments of human bone and dead FLIES from under the hardwood ﬂoor in the bedroom closet of Gina’s convicted murderer. Had Dr. Vass, a forensic anthropologist who certainly understands decomposition from his years of research at The Body Farm, not been present, the ﬂy evidence may have not been deemed relevant. I do not believe too many people would have paid as much attention to those hundreds of little dead ﬂies or have even understood their relevance. The collected in-tact ﬂies (or photos as very fragile) have been sent to an entomologist to determine if the ﬂies can be conﬁrmed to be of a speciﬁc kind. The kind that come from the eggs laid on decomposing ﬂesh, which hatch into larvae that consumes the ﬂesh, and then turn into a speciﬁc kind of ﬂy “blowﬂies”. Even if the “ﬂy remains” are too old to provide a deﬁnitive report, and even if the bone fragments are too small to match to a speciﬁc person’s DNA for identity, the bone can be conﬁrmed in a lab as human bone. And then, we could all simply ask - why would there be any reason to have any fragments of human bone in only one small section of the sub ﬂooring of a murderer’s bedroom closet? In my humble opinion - because Epperly is a serial killer who kept a small part of his dismembered victims as a trophy. Angela was 1977...Gina was 1980.”
August 12, 2020 - Afternoon
We left the Epperly Homeplace for our third “dig” site. Dlana had arranged for some extra help. Again, authorities were also informed...
This remote, wooded area is on another 1000+ acre “Epperly hunting area” . This site registered signiﬁcantly from the starting high point in November- the top of Pulaski County’s Draper Mountain. This dirt was scanned handful by handful to be taken off the mountain and sifted later for the bone fragments. This was an emotional day. Gina’s DNA registered all around us - not just in the dirt, but also in the tree roots removed.
August 24, 2020
“On Gina’s Birthday, 40 years after her murder, A Bill is proposed to the Senate committee for a vote.
The proposed bill #5103:
Gina’s Bill provides that any person convicted of murder where the location of the body of the victim is unknown and the Parole Board has probable cause to believe that such person convicted has information concerning the location of the body is not eligible for parole.
Gina’s Bill did not make it through the Senate Committee - the vote was divided by party lines - Gina’s Bill was killed by 8 Democrats and supported by 6 Republicans. Maybe the bigger purpose for right now is to bring light on the current agenda of our country releasing violent offenders. Maybe people will begin to question these types of decisions and realize the importance of keeping the dangerous criminals from returning to our communities. Gina’s Bill addressed “the no body convicted murderers” who are the worst of the worst. Those capable of hiding their victim’s remains, and some, dismembering their victims with no remorse like we now know happened to Gina. It is my understanding that if Gina’s Bill ever becomes a law, it is possible it can help keep Epperly imprisoned-So we will not give up. We will reintroduce it. Thank you Senator Ben Chaﬁn.”
October 3, 2020
“Bone and Flies” Reports are received from independent experts in their ﬁelds of forensic science regarding the Epperly homeplace retrieval on August 12, 2020 - Angela Rader, and others...
All three Resumes’ of Arpad Vass, Ph.D, Arthur M. Bohanan, and Dr. Leon G. Higley are attached.
To: Dlana Bodmer
From: Arpad Vass, Ph.D.
Subject: Fragments discovered at 905 2nd street, Radford, VA, 24141
Date: October 3, 2020
On August 12, 2020, Dlana Bodmer and I went to 905 2nd street, Radford, VA, 24141, the former residence of Steven Epperly, and met with the current owner of the property, Mr. Scott Stewart. After discussing the results of a previous scan of the property using a Quantum Oscillator which identiﬁed resonance frequencies consistent with human remains, the owner agreed to allow us to pinpoint the source of the frequency. The source was identiﬁed as being in the closet subﬂoor of a 2nd ﬂoor bedroom. The owner then agreed to remove a few of the ﬂoorboards to allow us to gain access to the subﬂoor space. Once access was obtained, we were able to collect numerous small fragments of what appeared to be bone or material impregnated with bone residue. These fragments yielded frequencies consistent with human bone. Additionally, numerous ﬂy remnants were present in the subﬂoor. These remnants were very fragile and as many ﬂy carcasses as possible were collected. Upon cursory inspection they appeared to have been iridescent blowﬂies which are commonly associated with decompositional events.
1. Due to the fragile nature of the ﬂy remains, pictures were sent to a forensic entomologist (Dr. Leon Higley) for a presumptive identiﬁcation. He concluded that they were blow ﬂy remnants. (Refer to his report dated October 1, 2020).
2. All fragments were scanned with the Quantum Oscillator and four separate frequencies were identiﬁed which were consistent with ranges associated with human remains. One of these frequencies was a presumptive match (+/- 50 Hz) for a missing 14 year old girl from 1977 (Angela Rader).
3. All fragments were grouped according to their frequencies and placed in collection tubes. These samples were brought to Dr. Arthur Bohanan (retired Knoxville, TN Police Investigator) who has a technique which is able to determine the gender of bone fragments. All four separate fragment groups were identiﬁed by Dr. Bohanan as being female. (Refer to his report dated September 10, 2020). In conclusion, based on the frequency scans, the gender determinations, and the ﬂy identiﬁcations, all results are consistent with the presence of the small fragments in the subﬂoor being from four separate females which underwent some type of decompositional event attracting large numbers of blowﬂies. Please let me know if you have any additional questions regarding this summation. Sincerely,
Arpad Vass, Ph.D.
DATE: 10 September 2020
TO: Dr. Arpad Vass
FROM: Arthur M. Bohanan
RE: Bones recovered at 905 2nd street, Radford, VA, 24141
VICTIM: Unidentiﬁed bone fragments from 4 separate individuals
SUSPECT: Stephen Epperly
Request by Dr. Arpad Vass to scan four small vials containing suspected bone fragments.
I scanned the four vials using the Human Remains Locator with the response of adult female in each vial. The scans were repeated three times on each vial with the same results of adult female.
Submitted Arthur M. Bohanan
Dlana believes this series of events that led to this point certainly should make it difﬁcult for the “naysayers” to continue to dispute this amazing instrument.
And Arpad Vass, PhD.
105 Carson Lane
Oak Ridge, TN
- IPS Specialist I, Law Enforcement Innovation Center, Univ. of TN (2015-2016)
- Chief Science Officer – avaSensor, Inc. (2011 – present)
- Chief Technology Officer – Nebulytics, Inc. (2013 – 2015)
- Sr. Research Scientist – Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1992 – 2012)
- Adjunct Research Professor (Univ. of TN) (2001 – present)
- Teaching Associate, Univ. of TN (2001- present)
- UT-ORNL Joint Faculty Program 2010 – 2013
- Group Leader – Biochem. Engineering Research Group (2004)
- Instructor – National Forensic Academy (2001 – present)
- Medical Technologist (Clinical Pathology, Laboratory Scientist)
- Honorary Research Associate – School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, NZ
- Member GIN (Geoforensic International Network)
- 33 years of work experience
- 8 years of management experience
- 15 years as a Law Enforcement Instructor/Teaching Associate
- 23 Patents/Patents Pending
- R&D 100 Award Recipient
- Nominated top 10 Scientist
- Invited Speaker at TED conference
Major Areas of Expertise:
- Forensic Anthropology
- Criminal Justice
- Weapons of Mass Destruction
- Clinical Pathology
- Technology Development
- Research Design and Implementation
Arpad Vass – pg. ! 1
October 6, 2020
Dlana hopes to continue her quest to complete all locations registering positive for presence of Gina’s organic Matter and retrieve all of her sister’s remains. One area of interest might become accessible in November when the New River is at its lowest.
Dlana and the “FAST” search teams plan to tackle the most difﬁcult burial location last - most likely in the winter or early spring. Dlana believes this process will literally be an unforgiving mountain to climb. If there is any desire to prosecute Epperly for other victims, cooperation and investigation with authoritative involvement will be necessary as this speciﬁc area will not only be a crime scene in Gina’s already convicted case, but also other victims-possibly victims of Epperly.
I will never forget this: “...I was on the cliff....the car went straight down into the water from high up....” Also we must never forget the list of 100 womens’ names that I saw on Epperly’s handwritten list...or ledger. Pride needs to be set aside and truth needs to prevail. All involved, not only in 1980, but also now, need to come to the realization that playing a part in the web of lies —small or large, could be interpreted by some as involvement. And no matter which crime, hiding any truth implicates participation in all of his actions ....some folks might have a “come to truth” moment sooner, rather than later.
Can we everyday people really do what needs to be done ....will someone even want to prosecute Epperly for dismembering Gina’s body...conﬁrmed by the dogs in conjunction with Dr.Vass and other ofﬁcial reports and information related in Gina’s case ﬁle. Will someone want to help connect the 43 year old cold case of the missing Roanoke teen Angela Rader to Epperly...Angela’s brother said the family was not even interviewed in 1977 - they were told she was just a runaway. Will Angela still be just one of many cold cases in their eyes? I guess time will tell...
A personal message from Dlana to all who continue to twist the truth regarding her sister Gina Renee Hall and that “all American boy”, as so many still want to still portray him....please stop repeating the lies. You are only feeding Epperly’s conﬁdence and arrogance that his “composed story” covered his tracks. Dlana has always referred to Epperly as the Master Manipulator...the question now... who and what else needs to be “proven”....NEVER FORGET THAT LIST - THE LEDGER- OF ONE HUNDRED WOMEN... “the connection to Florida, the sacred place, the burial ﬁelds...and on, and on”. This is not just about Gina. This is about something God wants known...
Light Will Shine in the Dark - God’s got this... This is a season of Unveiling TRUTH.
So to summarize my experience over the last year —and what led to all of this is something many cannot or will not wrap their head around -the amazing man and his instrument, the sister who has faith in God and will never leave Gina behind, and The power of prayer - The power of God and His justice- To God Be The Glory!
October 2020 - Art Bohanan Resume
Arthur M. Bohanan
Arthur M. Bohanan is an internationally award winning patented inventor, researcher, lecturer and author, a Certified Latent Print Examiner (one of 960 in the world-19 in TN (ret) and a certified police instructor with 58 years in the study and practical application of forensics in thousands of violent crime scenes. He earned a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice from East Tennessee State University with further studies at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Art created the first ICAC (Internet Crimes Against Children) task force in Tennessee in 1998 and worked in an online undercover capacity until he retired in May 2001 as a Police Specialist III, former AFIS Manager and Senior Forensic Examiner with the Knoxville Police Department(26 years). Art received the Knoxville Police Officer of the year award (twice), over thirty letters of commendation, Mayor’s Merit Award (twice) and the Legacy Award (2018) for his dedicated leadership and inspiring the future. He was awarded Walters State Community College’s first “Distinguished Alumnus Award” in March 2000 for his contribution as a researcher, consultant and lecturer in the field of forensics. Bohanan was inducted into the International Hall of Fame in Atlanta (sponsored by the Inventors Clubs of America) with two distinguished awards plus a doctorate in science and technology for pioneering research involving children’s fingerprints. He was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012 by the East Tennessee CPIT Advocacy Counsel and the National Children’s Advocacy Center’s (Huntsville, AL) Outstanding Service for Law Enforcement in 2011. Art received the Citation of Excellence Award from the Dept of Justice and the Amber Alert when he retired May 2012. He has completed research at the University of Tennessee’s “Body Farm”, with the F.B.I., and Oak Ridge National Lab. He was a senior forensic consultant and instructor for the Fox Valley/Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention/National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and the national Amber Alert Program. Co-author of “Child Fatality Investigations”, “Investigative Strategies for Missing and Abducted Children" and “Forensic Response to Missing and Abducted Children” that he taught nationwide. Also retired as Communications /Environmental Officer with the U.S. Public Health’s DMORT WMD (disaster response) Team. Bohanan is a founding father of the National Forensic Academy at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, a founding board member and past President of Safe Harbor Child Advocacy Center and a founding father of the DMORT WMD team. Currently researching and inventing instruments for locating missing and lost graves and determine the gender of the long dead.
Began at the Sevier County Sheriff’s Department while still in high school (1962), then FBI, US Army Military Police(SGT), Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department and retired from the Knoxville Police Department. Currently Forensic Examiner for the Jefferson County Sheriff and a reserve officer with Sevier County Sheriff's office.
FEDERAL DISASTER RESPONSES AND ACTIVATIONS:
1997, Guam, Korean Airlines 801 disaster (human remains identification)
1998, Houston TX, World Energy Conference (WMD advisor)
1999, Princeville NC, floods, cemetery disaster (identified human remains in over 400 caskets that floated)
2000, Philadelphia, PA, Republican National Convention, (WMD advisor)
2001, New York City, World Trade Disaster 911 (human remains identification)
2001, New York City, American Airlines 587 disaster (human remains identification)
2002, Salt Lake City, US Olympics Games (WMD advisor)
2003, Washington, D.C. State of the Union Address (WMD advisor)
2003, Hemphill, TX, Discovery Shuttle disaster (recover human remains)
2004, Florida for hurricane of Danielle and Charley (victim placements)
2005, Louisiana for Katrina and Rita (over 1200 caskets floated from graves plus over 100 people drown)
BOOK CHARACTER: Bohanan was featured in Patricia Cornwell’s bestseller, “The Body Farm” as Dr. Thomas Katz. Featured as Art Bohanan in eight of the novels written by Dr. Bill Bass and Jon Jefferson. AUTHOR: Co-author of "Prints of A Man" (2017 biography) ,Watauga (2017), Pigeon Rivers (2018), Volunteer Patriots, Hornets and Crowes, Guerilla Fighters(2020). He wrote “Care of the Dead and Their Families”, a chapter in “Advanced Disaster Medical Response” published by Harvard Medical International (printed worldwide in 9 languages). He has also written over a dozen technical articles and numerous training manuals.
INVENTOR: Holds patent # 5,395,445 issued 7 March 1995 for “Method and Apparatus for Detecting Fingerprints on Skin”. He also discovered that fingerprints of children prior to puberty are chemically different from adult prints.
October 2020 Dr. Leon Higley
Curriculum Vitae - Leon G. Higley
723 Hardin Hall (Lab: 122 Hardin Hall) 7320 Raven Circle
3310 Holdrege Street Lincoln, NE 68506
School of Natural Resources,
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Lincoln, NE 68583-0961
office (cell phone): (402) 560-6684 cell phone: (402) 560-6684
Iowa State University
Iowa State University
Entomology/Crop Production & Physiology
M.S. Thesis: Seedcorn maggot population biology in central Iowa. Advisor: Dr. Larry P. Pedigo.
Ph.D. Dissertation: Plant and stand response to early season insect-induced stress in a model system. Advisors: Dr. Larry P. Pedigo, Entomology, & Dr. Richard M. Shibles, Agronomy.
Professor of Applied Ecology (Jan 2010 – present) in the School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, transfer from Department of Entomology. Appointment: 30% teaching, 70% research as of Fall 2017 (previously 20% teaching, 80% research).
Graduate Students Advised
Totals to date:
16 M.S. degrees (11 co-advised), 17 Ph.D. degrees (7 co-advised); 27 degrees completed, 29 students total
Teaching and Research Recognition
2007 Founder’s Memorial Award, Entomological Society of America
1996 Outstanding Young Alumnus Award, Iowa State University Alumni Association
2005 Distinguished Teaching Award, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (one annual award from each college; recipient for College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources)
Certificate of Recognition for Contributions to Students 2001, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2015 UNL Parents Association (student nomination)
2004 February Professor of the Month, Black Masque Chapter of Mortar Board, UN-L (student nomination)
2002 American Distance Education Consortium Educational Program Award (team award for Distance M.S. in Entomology Program)
2001 USDA Food and Agricultural Sciences Excellence in Teaching Award – North Central Region
2001 Entomology Educational Project Award of the Board Certified Entomologists of Mid-America
for developing Bug Bash elementary and public insect education program (with Marion D. Ellis and Doug Golick)
2000 R1Edu National Distance Education Award (one of three national awards for promoting distance education at Research 1 universities)
2000 Entomological Society of America Distinguished Achievement Award in Teaching
2000 North Central Branch – Entomological Society of America Distinguished Achievement Award in Teaching
1999 Teaching Award of Merit, Gamma Sigma Delta, University of Nebraska chapter
1999 Finalist, 20th Annual Telly Awards for Outstanding Non-Network Television, for Course Entomology and Pest Management (top 5% of ca. 10,000 entries)
1998 Excellence in Graduate Education Award, University of Nebraska Alumni Association for outstanding contributions to graduate education; (first recipient of this award, which included a $500 stipend)
1998 Senior Faculty Holling Family Award for Teaching Excellence, College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, UN-L; (this award included a $5,000 stipend)
1998 Entomology Educational Project Award of the Board Certified Entomologists of Mid-America for developing the UN-L Entomology Distance Education Curriculum (with Entomology Department Faculty)
2005 C.V. Riley Award of the North Central Branch – Entomological Society of America (for outstanding and significant contributions to the science of entomology)
1992 Junior Faculty Recognition for Excellence in Research, Agricultural Research Division, IANR, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; (this award included a $2,500 grant for research or professional development)
1992 Sigma Xi Outstanding Young Scientist Award, University of Nebraska Chapter
1986 J.H. Comstock Graduate Student Award for Outstanding Graduate Student Achievement - Entomological Society of America (NCB)
1986 Ph.D. Research Award - Entomological Society of America (NCB)
1984 M.S. Research Award - Entomological Society of America (NCB)
Training and Continuing Education
Death scene investigation: a forensic entomology and anthropology field training workshop, Rensselaer, IN, June, 2003, 2005
Crime Scene Reconstruction, Oct. 25-27, 2006 Lincoln, NE
Forensic Investigation and Management of Mass Disasters & Medico-Legal Investigation of Child Abuse Cases, Oct. 31-Nov. 2, 2007
Forensic Pathology, 2007- 2008; training with Dr. Matthias Okoye, Coroner’s Physician to Lancaster County and President of Nebraska Institute of Forensic Science, Inc. (ca. 20 h)
Memberships in Forensically Related Organizations
American Academy of Forensic Science, Associate Member
International Association for Identification, Nebraska Chapter of the IAI
American Board of Forensic Taphonomy, one of six founding members, Secretary (2012-2013)
[American Board of Forensic Entomology (2007-2010) – I was a Diplomate of the Board between Feb. 2007 and Sept. 2010, when I resigned over concerns I developed regarding By-Law violations by officers, and other ethical issues in the operations and leadership of the Board. Other members, including two founding members, also resigned about this time.]
Workshops, and Other Forensic Teaching
Forensic Entomology and Archeoparasitology (with K. Reinhard). 3-day workshop with lab. Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janiero, Brazil. June 2-4, 2014
2009 Forensic Entomology Course, Dept. of Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria; also consulted on new State Forensic Science Laboratory with the Minister for Health, Science, and Technology, State of Lagos, Nigeria
Forensic entomology (with T. Huntington): undergraduate/graduate course over 45h,: Southern Institute for Forensic Science, WMSU St. Joseph, MO, May 17-22, 2010 (22 participants)
Forensic entomology 2-day workshop (with T. Huntington): Iowa Chapter of the International Association for Identification (ca. 50 participants); June 2007
Forensic entomology workshop; Nebraska Wesleyan University, Forensic Science Graduate Program, 2002-2011 (excluding 2006), (ca. 50 attendees each workshop)
Forensic entomology 3-h workshop (with F. Baxendale, T. Huntington); FBI Regional Evidence Response Team, Omaha Field Office: Fall 2002 (ca. 15 attendees)
Forensic Entomology, ENTO 414/814, undergraduate/graduate resident and distance education course (Instructor), Dept. of Entomology, University of Nebraska Lincoln: developed and offered in Spring 2005, 2006,2008, 2010
Various guest lectures to undergraduate and high school classes
Coauthored Posters and Presentations
(Various invited talks, book chapters, and papers are listed elsewhere in appropriate sections of my CV.)
- Quadruple Homicide – Entomology. Annual Meeting of the Kansas International Identification Association, Junction City, KS, April 10, 2019. Invited presentation.
- Why butterflies aren’t elephants, hitmen aren’t applied ecologists, and scientists too often lie: The need for skepticism in science. Symposium “The Inspiring, Exploding Skeptical Movement and its Impact on Entomology” 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Entomological Society, Denver, CO, Nov. 10, 2017
- Insect Development and Forensic Entomology, University of Sao Paulo, Riberao Preto, SP, Brazil, July 17, 2014.
- Life After Death: Maggots, Murder, and Forensic Science. Dept of Biology, University of Nebraska at Kearney, Jan. 14, 2013
- Using a Faceless Murder Victim to Illustrate Crap Tests, Quackery, and Incompetence in Using or Not Using Forensic Entomology. Ann. Meeting Amer. Acad. Forensic Sci., Chicago, IL Feb. 24, 2011 (Abstract in Proc. Amer. Acad. Forensic Sci. 2011. 17:207-208.)
- Lay lady lay, lay upon my big dead head – Flies and Homicides. Beta Beta Beta Honorary (biology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, NE May 6, 2008.
- Forensic Entomology from a Nursing Perspective. Bryan-LGH Nursing Program, Lincoln, NE, 2006, 2008, 2009.
- Death, Taxes, and Maggots: Basics of Forensic Entomology, Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (educational program for students 55 and older), UN-L, Lincoln, NE, Dec. 12, 2008.
- Huntington, T. E., and L.G. Higley. 2007. Have I Eaten Here Before? Considering Multigenerational Colonization of Remains by Blow Flies. American Academy of Forensic Sciences Proceedings 13 (published reviewed abstract).
- Huntington, T. E., L. G. Higley, D. W. Voigt. 2006. Not the Usual Suspects: Human Wound Myiasis by Phorids. Entomological Society of America National Meeting, Indianapolis, IN.
- Huntington, T. E., L. G. Higley, F.P. Baxendale. 2006. Maggot Development During Morgue Storage and the Effects on the Estimation of the Postmortem Interval. American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA.
- Huntington, T.E. and F.P. Baxendale. 2005. A Year in Review: Forensic Entomology Research Published in 2004. North American Forensic Entomology Conference, Orlando, FL.
- Huntington, T.E., L.G. Higley, F.P. Baxendale. 2004. Coming out of the Closet: A Case Study in Forensic Entomology. Central States Entomological Society Annual Meeting, Lincoln, NE.
- Huntington, T.E., L.G. Higley, F.P. Baxendale. 2004. Temperature-dependent Development of the Blow Fly Calliphora vicina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) and the Effects on the Estimation of the Postmortem Interval. American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX.
- Does anyone really know what time it is: Problems in estimating PMI with insect thermal development. North American Forensic Entomology Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, Aug. 2003.
Established Fall 2017, I partnered with Dr. Amanda Roe to establish Death and Decomposition Sciences, LLC, a forensic consulting and education business
Active cases in which I have not yet submitted a report are not included. Additionally, some cases in which I worked with Dr. Neal Haskell are not listed.)
- Higley, L. G. 2019. Criminal (homicide): State of Nevada vs.Cristobal Ortiz-Hernandez. Activities: analysis of evidence, PMI estimate, preparation for attorney. Expert for the defense. Disposition: conviction manslaughter (verdict sought by defense).
- Higley, L. G. 2018. Criminal (homicide): State V. Santino Rodriguez, Dana Ana County. Activities: analysis of evidence, PMI estimate, testimony in trial. Expert for the prosecution with Dr. N. Haskell. Disposition: unknown.
- Higley, L. G. 2018. Criminal (homicide): Case #17CF002151 State v. Kris V. Zocco, Milwaukee County Circuit Court. Activities: analysis of photographs, PMI estimate, testimony in trial. Expert for the prosecution with Dr. N. Haskell. Disposition: conviction (life).
- Higley, L. G. 2018. Criminal (homicide): Case #2016-CF-001752 State vs. David Adam Mariotti; Lakewood County, FL. Activities: analysis of photographs, PMI estimate, testimony in deposition and trial. Expert for the prosecution with Dr. N. Haskell. Disposition: conviction (life).
- Higley, L. G. 2013 - 2017 Civil: Consultant to attorney with food processor (company name withheld by request) regarding source and time of death of bird remains found in large sugar processing tank. Activities: analysis of photographs and bird remains, processing procedures, and preparation of written report. Disposition: closed agreement.
- Higley, L. G., and Roe, A. 2014. Civil: Carol McCann as next friend of Catherine McCann vs. Lutheran Home for the Aged, Inc.; aural myiasis of Mrs. Catherine McCann. Expert for plaintiff. Activities: analysis of photos, video, medical records, and depositions; written report, deposition by counsel for the defense, trial testimony. Disposition: case decided for plaintiff
- Higley, L. G. 2012-13. Criminal (homicide): Case #11-10785 Jasper County MO (Joplin, MO); homicide of Emjay Corn, aged ca. 18 months) Expert for prosecution (Jasper County Attorney’s Office). Activities: Analysis of scene photographs, video, police and pathology reports, determined PMI from insect evidence and liver mortis patterns in photographs, and determined body location during establishment of liver mortis pattern; written report and deposition by defense. Disposition: case closed with conviction (plea agreement, 25-year sentence).
- Higley, L. G., and Roe, A. Aug 2011. Criminal Investigation (homicide): Lancaster County Sheriff’s Department. Activities: scene investigation, data recovery, and analysis. Disposition: death by natural causes.
- Higley, L. G., and Roe, A. Aug 2011. B1-007244. Criminal Investigation: Lancaster County Sheriff’s Department. Activities: scene investigation, data recovery, and data analysis. Disposition: death by unknown causes.
- Higley, L. G. 2011. Civil (plagiarism): Expert witness to Ethics Committee of the American Academy of Forensic Science. Expert for committee (non-partisan). Activities: analyzed published text for evidence of plagiarism and testified to committee. Disposition: senior author of questioned chapter censured by AAFS.
- Higley, L. G., and Roe, A. Sept. 2010. B0-086407. Criminal Investigation (homicide): Lincoln Police Department; body of adult male. Activities: scene investigation, data recovery, and analysis. Disposition: natural death unknown causes.
- Higley, L. G. 2009. Civil: John Duran, personal representative of the estate of Steve Duran, deceased, plaintiff, v. New Mexico State Veteran’s Home and Las Cruces Medical Center, LLC d/b/a Mount View Regional Medical Center; maggot infestation (myiasis) in mouth. Expert for plaintiff. Activities: Report for plaintiff with review of medical evidence, determination of possible fly species, and estimate regarding duration of infestation. Disposition: case closed out of court (details of settlement not made public).
- Higley, L. G. 2009. Civil: Mary A. Smith v. Arbor Manor Nursing Home; Maggot infestation (myiasis) in leg wound. Expert for plaintiff. Activities: report for plaintiff with review of medical evidence, determination of possible fly species, and estimate regarding duration of infestation; and deposition by counsel for the defendant. Disposition: case closed out of court (details of settlement not made public).
- Higley, L. G. 2008. Criminal (homicide): Extradition request for homicide, Kingdom of Spain v. Kevin ROD. Expert for Government of Canada (International Assistance Group, Department of Justice, Canada). Activities: review of report on entomological insect evidence (from plaintiff’s counsel) and consultation with senior counsel in IAG. Disposition unknown.
- Huntington, T. E., D. E. Carter, and L. G. Higley. 2007. Criminal (homicide): Case # A7-010136; suspicious death of Nathan Anton. Expert for prosecution (Lincoln Police Department, Nebraska.) Activities: Death scene collection of evidence and consultation with LPD. Disposition: case closed, ruled suicide.
- Huntington, T. E., and L. G. Higley. 2007. Criminal (homicide): Case # A7-091468; suspicious death: Jeffery Stephens. Expert for prosecution (Lincoln Police Department, Nebraska.) Activities: Death scene collection of evidence and report for LPD. Disposition: case closed, ruled suicide.
- Higley, L. G., and Huntington, T. E. 2007. Criminal (homicide): Case # SSO070183; homicide of Trista Peterson, infant. Expert for prosecution (Seward County Sheriff’s Office, Nebraska.) Activities: Death scene and autopsy collection of evidence. Disposition: case closed with misdemeanor conviction, a felony conviction was overturned.
- Huntington, T. E., and L. G. Higley. 2007. Criminal (homicide): case # A7002448; homicide of Arop Arou Mabang Daljang. Expert for prosecution (Lancaster County Sheriff’s Office). Activities: death scene collection of evidence and analysis, report for County Sheriff. Disposition: case closed with plea agreement and multiple convictions.
- Higley, L. G. 2006. Criminal (homicide): Case #3/59; FEI# 1042; appeal of conviction for homicide of Lynne Harper. Expert for prosecution (Ministry of the Attorney General, Crown Law Office-Criminal, Province of Ontario, Toronto, Canada.) Activities: analysis of defense and Crown reports on insect evidence and calculations of PMI, identification and interpretation of pertinent biological, experimental, and statistical issues, case report and consultation with Crown Attorney. Disposition: conviction reversed on appeal.
- Huntington, T. E., L. G. Higley, and F. P. Baxendale. 2004. Criminal (homicide): Lincoln Police Department, NE. Case # A4-032906 (Homicide: Carl Bitner). Expert for prosecution (Lincoln Police Department, Nebraska). Activities: death scene collection of evidence, identification and analysis of collected evidence and evidence from autopsy, estimation of PMI, case report for LPD and Lancaster Country Attorney. Disposition: case closed with plea agreement and conviction.
- Huntington, T. E., L. G. Higley, and F. P. Baxendale. 2004. Criminal (homicide): Lancaster County Sheriff’s Office. Case#A4-002092, homicide of Rodrigo de la Rosa. Expert for the prosecution (Lincoln Police Department and Lancaster County Attorney, Nebraska). Activities: death scene collection of evidence, identification and analysis of collected evidence and evidence from autopsy, estimation of PMI, case report for LPD and Lancaster Country Attorney., deposition by defense. Disposition: case closed with conviction.
- Huntington, T. E. and L. G. Higley. 2003. Criminal (homicide): Adam’s County Sheriff’s Department, NE Case#S3-381, homicide of Guadalupe Cervantes. Expert for prosecution (Adam’s County Sheriff’s Department and Adam’s Country Attorney, Nebraska). Activities: death scene collection of evidence, identification and analysis of collected evidence and evidence from autopsy, estimation of PMI, prepared case report for Adam’s County Sheriff’s Department and Adam’s Country Attorney. Disposition: case open but inactive (suspect in jail on other charges).
- Huntington, T. E. and L. G. Higley. 2003. Criminal (homicide): Case#A3-102235, homicide of James Hagan. Expert for prosecution (Lincoln Police Department, Nebraska). Activities: death scene collection of evidence, identification and analysis of collected evidence and evidence from autopsy, estimation of PMI, case report for LPD and Lancaster Country Attorney, testified in pre-trial hearing. Disposition: case closed with plea agreements and two convictions.
- Higley, L. G., F. P. Baxendale, and T. E. Huntington. 2002. Criminal (homicide): Case#A1-089173, homicide of Marie Hall. Expert for prosecution (Lincoln Police Department, Nebraska). Activities: identification and analysis of provided insect evidence, estimation of PMI, prepared case report for LPD and Lancaster Country Attorney, subpoenaed by defense to testify, but not called. Disposition: case closed with conviction.
- Baxendale, F. P., and L. G. Higley. 2002. Criminal (homicide): Case#A1-112185, suspected suicide of Kenneth Yost, teenager. Expert for prosecution (Lincoln Police Department, Nebraska). Activities: death scene collection of evidence, identification and analysis of collected evidence, estimation of PMI. Disposition: case closed, ruled suicide.
American Board of Forensic Taphonomy (founding member), American Academy of Forensic Science (associate member), American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Entomological Society of America, and International Association for Identification, Sigma Xi
GRANTS AND CONTRACTS RECEIVED
All grants: $2,326,337
All federal competitive (including USFWS monies submitted through Nebraska Game and Parks): $943,926
PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS
Author Impact Analysis
5 books (1 co-authored, 4 co-edited)
22 book chapters
13 shorter book entries (<10 pages, peer-reviewed)
146 scientific papers:
128 refereed journal articles
18 non-refereed journal articles
16 columns on scientific ethics and professionalism (peer-reviewed)
13 published technical reports
8 extension publications
4 published book reviews
4 journals (5 terms: 19 years total)
1 exhibit, 2 journal covers, 6 books and magazines
17 paper or poster presentations (senior authored only)
122 invited presentations, symposia, and seminars
Editorial Board Member (= subject editor), PeerJ: 2013-2018
Associate Editor, Agronomy Journal (Integrated Pest Management Section), 1995-1997, 1997-2000
Contributing Editor (with Dr. David W. Stanley), American Entomologist (Commentary Section) 1993-2000
Subject Editor (Field Crops), Journal of Economic Entomology, 2002